It is almost it is the second attraction in Jordan after Petra; Wadi Rum is inhabited since thousands of years, struggling to survive in its harsh environment. Many sites were excavated including the Nabateans temple at the eastern side of Jabal Rum, many thamudic inscriptions and graffiti’s still exist representing their daily activities such as hunting, farming and forging. Wadi Rum desert was always located on the trade routes extending from the Arabian Peninsula to the Levant, where several dams where erected to store water providing the trade caravans, remains Al Khazali canyon is the most famous spot in wadi Rum with its paintings and graffiti’s is witness on the multiple eras passed over Wadi Rum The old Ottoman Turkish rail road (Al Hijjaz Rail Road) penetrates Wadi Rum desert to Aqaba city, the rail road was constructed in the last few decades of the Ottoman Turkish period, and it is still operational now a day to transport some kinds of freight to the port of Aqaba Today the people who live in Wadi Rum area are the local Bedouins who settle in several villages with Wadi Rum nature reserve boundaries, they run most of the services catered in the desert, also they are very involved in developing the nature reserve in pioneering ways under the supervision of Aqaba special zone authority and the Royal Society for conservation of nature, Wadi Rum was announced as protected nature reserve since 1988 by the Jordanian government The nature reserve is centered on the main canyon of Wadi Rum with an area of more than 700 square kilometers, it mostly consist of very solid sedimentary sandstone mountains and soft sand dunes, several kinds of desert thorny plants grow all over the desert, the highest peak in Wadi Rum and Jordan is Jabal Umm Adami of more than 1850 meters above sea level, Jabal Rum and Umm Ishrin are the second highest peaks in Wadi Rum with more than 1800 meters above sea level.
Visitors to Wadi Rum would sea few kinds of wild animals mostly lizards and hedgehogs which tend to active in the night, most of the wild animals in Wadi Rum inhabits the various mountains away from human activities, Nubian Ibex and rock hyraces are still there in relatively large numbers, Oryx bread and release project is taking place in Wadi Rum protected area to the west of Jabal Rum where visitors can see Oryx animals in that spot, Wadi Rum vipers are the most famous snakes there with their lethal venom, several other kinds of snakes do exist and many other reptiles
The natural landscape of Wadi Rum is very suitable for science fiction movies, many movies were partially filmed there: