Dead Sea; al Bahr al Mayyit
In Arabic the it is called al Bahr al Mayyit (“the Dead Sea”), or less commonly Bahr Lot, “the Sea of Lot”). Another historic name in Arabic was the “Sea of Zoʼar”, after a nearby town in biblical times. The Greeks called it Lake Asphaltites
it is a very saline lake in Jordan rift valley, bordered by Jordan to the east and Israel and Palestine to the west, this water body has some unique characters it’s the most saline natural water body with 33% of its water content as salts and minerals it’s 426 meters below sea level, The Dead Sea is 304 meters deep, the deepest hyper saline lake in the world; it is 9.6 times as salty as the ocean, and one of the world’s saltiest bodies of water. This salinity makes for a harsh environment in which plants and animals cannot flourish, hence its name. it is 50 kilometers long and 15 kilometers wide at its widest point.
It has some curative properties for several common diseases, there are several hotels & resorts by Dead Sea beach, swimming there is different since the high salinity of its water will help to keep most of your body above water surface, Dead Sea water has a density of 1.24 kg/liter, which makes swimming similar to floating, it has attracted visitors from around the Mediterranean basin for thousands of years. It was one of the world’s first health resorts (for Herod the Great), and it has been the supplier of a wide variety of products, from asphalt for Egyptian mummification to potash for fertilizers. People also use the salt and the minerals from the Dead Sea to create cosmetics and herbal sachets. There are many resorts and hotels on Dead Sea beach since it is one of the main attractions in the region now a days, a lot of companies were established exploiting its minerals and salt such as potash and bromine
Dead Sea has dry and warm to hot weather in general all over the year, very hot in the summer and it has a relatively longer summer than the areas around, mostly sunny skies as well. it is located in the middle of Jordan Rift Valley, which is part of the great rift canyon, it’s more than 400 km’s long with around 20 – 30 km’s width, beautiful range of mountains are located at the eastern rim of Jordan rift valley with more than 100 big canyons flowing into Jordan rift valley from those mountains (Jordan rift valley tributaries) some of those canyons are Wadi Maen, Wadi Al Mujib & Wadi Al Hidan, Wadi Al Hasa and Wadi Ahemer near Petra, many other beautiful canyons
Most of Jordan rift valley tributaries have narrow gorges somewhere inside and they are rich with water and wildlife, beside the hot water springs with their unique curative characters and mineral content of sulphur and iron. Jordan rift valley consist of three main parts Jordan River in the north, Dead Sea in the middle and Wadi Araba in the south until Aqaba gulf